Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that affects one or both ovaries and usually occurs later in life. Sometimes it is difficult to detect, but treatments are available.
What is ovarian cancer?
The ovaries are 2 reproductive organs that store eggs and produce estrogen and other hormones. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that affects one or both ovaries. Ovarian cancer occurs when the DNA in the cells stops working properly, which generates abnormal cells that grow out of control. These cancer cells may form tumors and, if untreated, may spread to other parts of the body.
How common is ovarian cancer?
About 1 in 75 people with ovaries have a diagnosis of ovarian cancer at some point in their lives. It is a type of cancer that mostly appears at a later stage of life, usually after menopause.
Ovarian cancer is very serious, especially if it is not detected early. Ovarian cancer is 5.* Most lethal cancer for cis women. About 21,000 ovarian cancer diagnoses are produced per year in the United States. UU. of which 14,000 cases end up dying from the disease.
Am I at risk for ovarian cancer?
There are some factors that may involve an increased risk of ovarian cancer, for example:
- Be over 55 years
- Have a family history of breast, colon, or gynecological cancer (including ovarian cancer))
- Having a personal history of breast cancer
- Certain mutations in genes called BRCA1 and BRCA2
- Never having a baby
- Have a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30 Infertility
- Endometriosis Never taking the pill
How can I protect myself against ovarian cancer?
Early detection and early treatment are important, so getting regular health tests and checkups and knowing what symptoms are good ways to protect yourself. Unfortunately, there is no good identification test for ovarian cancer, especially for those who do not have high risk factors.
If you have an elevated risk, such as an inherited genetic mutation, you can have an operation to remove your ovaries, which actually reduces your chances of getting cancer. Although that has its risks and besides you would no longer have the ability to produce eggs. If you are concerned about having ovarian cancer because of your personal risks, talk to your doctor about the best ways to take care of your health.
Birth control pills containing estrogen and progestagen hormones decrease the risk of ovarian cancer. The longer you take the pill, the lower your chances of having ovarian cancer, even after you stop taking it. Breastfeeding may also reduce the risk.